Anxiety disorder is a mental condition characterized by general persistent anxiety that fills life with immense fear, increased anxiety, and unreasonable insecurity. In contrast to the fleeting, fairly mild anxiety, which is caused by a stressful situation, like parachuting or gambling at ऑनलाइन कसीनो, anxiety disorder quickly takes a serious form and lasts about six months.
The most important thing is in time to begin treatment of this pathology. Anxiety disorder is often accompanied by other physical or mental illnesses, some of which include drug and alcohol abuse.
Causes of Anxiety Disorders
All forms of anxiety disorders share one main symptom, characterized by great fear and overwhelming dread. The causes of anxiety disorders have not yet been fully explored.
The provocateur of this condition in humans is stress, external stimuli, and other unfavorable factors. In some patients, the anxiety state appears without any clear boundaries of triggers. There are also certain diseases that provoke an anxiety disorder: this is pulmonary and heart failure, bronchial asthma, etc.
Types of Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
It’s is chronic tension, even when nothing seems to provoke it. This anxiety or excessive nervousness occurs almost daily.
The patient experiences periodic bouts of anxiety that occur spontaneously. This is an acute and extreme anxiety in which the sufferer believes he or she is going to die. These sudden attacks of intense fear have no direct cause. Sometimes patients suffering from this disorder have anxiety about the next attack, the occurrence of which cannot be foreseen, this is called anticipatory anxiety.
A disorder which has as its essential feature the presence of an irrational fear of a particular object, activity or situation, followed by avoidance of the object feared. For example, fear of flying, birds, or the great outdoors.
These are involuntary thoughts or actions that the patient cannot stop thinking or doing. In either case, the subject recognizes the absurd nature of his or her thoughts or actions.
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
This occurs when unpleasant psychological effects occur after exposure to emotional trauma, war, rape, etc. It’s characterized by constant memories of the traumatic event, an emotional state with heightened alertness, and a general decrease in interest in everyday events.
Diagnosis of Anxiety Disorders
To assess whether a particular patient suffers from anxiety, it’s advisable to rule out the presence of a systemic illness. To do this, the physician must consider the following aspects.
- Previous medical and psychological history of the patient and family.
- The possibility of suffering from an illness that causes the anxiety disorder.
- Effects of toxins such as caffeine, cannabis, or cocaine.
The clinical interview is the primary tool for making a diagnosis of anxiety disorders and gaining a general understanding of the patient. It should gather the necessary information and usually consists of four steps:
- Preliminary stage: the goal is to find out the reason for the consultation.
- Resolution stage: problems are summarized, the patient is informed of the nature of the problem.
- Final stage: the doctor offers the patient a series of recommendations, which should begin to be put into practice before the next appointment.
The risk of misdiagnosis has led to a large number of structured scales for identifying the disorder. These scales by themselves are not sufficient to establish a diagnosis, but they do allow for the identification of people who are susceptible to psychiatric pathology who need to be subjected to a more in-depth study. Some of the most commonly used scales are the Goldberg Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Hamilton Anxiety Scale.